Activated EM-1

Activated EM-1

EM 1 is a product on the market that is a special blend of efficient/effective micronutrients.  It was created by Professor Dr. Teruo Higa who also coined the words “effective micro organism” and trademarked “EM”.

EM 1 contains many co-existing micro organisms versus the “LAB” we create in Korean Natural Farming which only contain the lactobacillus culture.  The major groups of micro organisms in EM 1 is lactobacillus, yeast, and phototrophic bacteria.

EM-1 can be used for a multitude of applications including compost piles, odor reduction, water treatments and ponds, foliar sprays, garden bed treatments, and livestock operations.

EM-1 can be pricy from the stores or distributers.   There is a procedure to “extend” the amount of EM-1 to increase the volume.  This procedure is called “Activated EM”.  That does not mean the EM is not activated from it’s original bottle, I believe the term “Activated” was eventually preferred over “Extended”.

By Activating/Extending the EM-1 you can increase the volume by 20 times which brings the cost down to a fraction of the original price.  When creating Activated EM-1 you need to allow time for the fermentation and gather supplies for the procedure.

Supplies Needed:

-EM-1

-Molasses

-Bucket/Buckets with lids

-Air locks (optional)

-non chlorinated water

-Cheese cloth and string

Recipe:

-Measure out the quantity of EM-1 that you desire to extend:

EM-1

-Add equal part molasses. 1:1 ( EM-1: Molasses)

-Gently stir (wood/bamboo stick- not metal)  in 20 parts non-chlorinated water.  1:20 (EM-1+Molasses: water)

-Let sit with cheese cloth fastened on top of bucket (without lid) for the first 24 hours to encourage some aerobic absorption.

-After 24 hours, secure on lids and airlocks to buckets for an aerobic fermentation process:

EM-1Buckets

-store buckets in a dry, shaded space.  Warmer temperatures is preferred for the fermentation process.

-Activated EM-1 is ready to use after 4 weeks of fermentation.

*****UPDATE!!!!*****

I have discovered that the information originally presented by EM 1 distributors about “Activating” EM has changed.  The current information is listing that after adding the Molasses, the activated EM can be used in 4-7 days.  

Further research has gathered that after adding the molasses and water for the “Activation”, the EM can be used immediately or within 4-7 days for the most active microbes.  Additionally, the “Activated EM” should be completely used within one month.

Usage:

-Foliar spray: 1:500 – 1:1000

-Compost piles: 1:50- 1:100

-A few ounces can be used in grey water systems, down drains, and in septic tanks for odor control.

Advertisements

LACTOBACILLUS: Microorganisms lead the way…

Korean Natural Farming teaches us practices in organic farming. Effective Microorganisms clean up foul odors, support sustainable farming practices, and works with compost and waste management. The bacteria we will be mainly working with is called Lactobacillus.
Lactobacillus- also know as Lactic Acid Bacteria and is abbreviated “LAB”.
LAB contains bacteria that converts lactos and other sugars into lactic acid from the end product of a carbohydrate anaerobic fermentation.
In KNF it is taught to make a simple Lactobacillus serum using rice, water, milk, and molasses. The procedure is quite simple and a lot of fun. There are many uses of the LAB once you have made it.  I am going to use it first for cleaning up the current waste management area and see if I can get rid of some of those flys!  I will also be spraying it on our gardens as a folier spray and adding it to our compost piles to assist in composting. Here’s how to make it:

Continue reading

The Birth of Confessions From The Soil

image

Arriving on The Big Island of Hawaii, I landed at an oceanside retreat center/ intentional community. There are currently 130 volunteers that run the center. Most of us live in tents in the jungle. That is where I live.
We live on some of the newest land on this earth.  Volcanic rock made from the near by active volcano, and the spirit of the volcano- “Pele”.  Pele runs the show here. She is the creator and the destroyer.  Respect towards Pele in her domain is of top priority in this land. She can bring you the most beautiful gifts in her jungle- or test you with the worst. Both are the same, both are sacred.
A week after arriving here in the land of Pele, a permaculture department was formed for the retreat center. I received the position in the department to develop and implement the Korean Natural Farming systems for the “Living Soil Production”.
Pele had indeed called me forth to work in the land made of volcanic rock. The community is desiring to grow more of  it’s own food.  To grow food you need soil. The land is hundreds of years away from being soil. This land is just now in it’s first growth of jungle, beneath is pure volcantic rock.
My background solidified this position for me  having studied Recycling, Resource Management, and Zero Waste at Santa Monica collage in California. I focused on organic resource management: vermicomposting and composting. Having my own urban farm community in Los Angeles (www.AwesomeTownFarms.Wordpress.com) gave me a great platform to dive deep into resource management. I developed and maintained my own resource management system for the small community within two houses, holding 3 kitchens and 9 members. I maintained a system of hauling food waste from a local restaurant every other day back to my community, composting it into soil for our own horticultural needs. Also feeding the food waste to my hundreds of pets- my worms- in their nine foot by five foot luxury underground vermicomposting systems I created for them.
So my foundation was solid to take the position, however Pele did not call me all this way to her land for systems I was used to.  She called me to discover  more.

Confessions From The Soil Blog is documenting the sustainable systems I have learned and are  implementing along with documenting clear processes to share the journey around the world (That’s You!).   Journey with me into the discoveries that cross our path and other confessions the soil wants to reveal along the way….